JASRAC administers copyright in musical works. A copyright owner of a musical work may enter into a trust agreement with JASRAC, by which the title to the musical work (excluding moral rights) is transferred to JASRAC for three years. The trust agreement is renewable. The copyright owner may exclude certain rights (such as right to use the work for movies) from the scope of title transferred by the trust agreement. (Therefore, the scope of title that JASRAC holds explained in Question 2.3 may change depending on the contents of the trust agreement executed with each copyright holder.) JASRAC handles licensing of musical works to users and enforcement of copyright against unauthorized use of musical work.
From 1939 when JASRAC first began providing musical copyright administration in Japan as a non-profit organization, it served as Japan’s sole musical copyright administration society for over 60 years. In October 2001, enactment of the Act on Management Business of Copyright and Neighboring Rights opened the door for many commercial enterprises to enter the business of copyright management. While JASRAC has been operating in a competitive environment since then, it still is one of the largest collecting societies for music related copyrights in Japan.
The amount of fees/royalties to be paid to collecting societies are exclusive of VAT (in Japan, it is called "consumption tax"). The person who wants to receive license from the collecting societies has to pay the amount plus 5 % consumption tax. (8% from April 2014)
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Information for JASRAC was contributed by the CMO through WIPO